BETHLEHEM, (PIC)–Two Palestinian students were shot and injured Wednesday morning by Israeli settlers near Bethlehem to the south of occupied West Bank.
One of the injured students was shot in his chest with live rounds, while the second suffered rubber bullet injuries in his right foot, medical sources told the PIC reporter.
Both were taken to hospital for treatment, where medics described their conditions as moderate to serious.
Following the settler armed attack, violent clashes broke out in the area between Palestinian students and Israeli forces who heavily fired tear gas bombs and rubber bullets.
(Source / 08.10.2015)
President of Egypt Abdel Fattah al-Sisi addresses attendees during the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the UN headquarters in New York, Sept. 28, 2015
CAIRO — Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi recently called for expanding the 40-year-old peace process between Egypt and Israel to include more Arab countries. In a Sept. 26 interview with the Associated Press, Sisi said peace between Egypt and Israel was achieved despite great doubt. He added that solving the Palestinian crisis would change the face of the region.
sraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu saw Sisi’s call as an opportunity and welcomed it on the same day. Netanyahu called on Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) to return to the negotiating table to resume the peace process and move forward.
Abbas surprised almost everyone when he announced in his Sept. 30 speech to the United Nations that the PA “cannot continue to be bound” by the Oslo Accords, a set of peace agreements signed by Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization in 1993 and 1995 in Washington, D.C., and Taba, Egypt, respectively. Abbas said the statement came in response to Israel’s failure to fulfill its commitments toward ending the Israeli occupation.
Sisi’s call has sparked controversy between two opposing viewpoints.
The first viewpoint sees this as a call for normalization despite repeated infringements by Israel of Al-Aqsa Mosque and its legislation of racist laws directly targeting the resistance, including the act of throwing stones. The Israeli government on Sept. 21 had passed a draft bill prepared by the Israeli police command, and agreed to by Israeli Attorney General Judea Feinstein, allowing police to open live fire against anyone throwing stones and Molotov cocktails in occupied Jerusalem.
The other viewpoint says Sisi’s call will stimulate the stagnant peace process.
Samir Ghattas, an expert in Palestinian affairs and director of the Middle East Studies Forum think tank, told Al-Monitor, “President Sisi’s recent statement is based on the fundamental principle of the establishment of the state of Palestine based on the borders of June 1967 and with East Jerusalem as its capital. Sisi made such a statement in his speech at the UN General Assembly meeting on Sept. 28; therefore, the two statements cannot be separated. Arab countries that Sisi called upon to join his initiative [won’t] do so if it does not include this principle, which will render his initiative useless.”
The initiative is based on the agreement reached by Arab leaders at the March 2002 Arab summit in Beirut, which called for a comprehensive peace between Arabs and Israel after establishing a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital, and allowing refugees to return to their homes as soon as possible, in accordance with UN Resolution 194 of 1948.
However, former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has set contrary Israeli conditions, saying in 2002 that a withdrawal to the 1967 borders would lead to “Israel’s destruction.”
Later, Abbas developed the idea of retrieving the occupied lands and including all Islamic countries in a comprehensive peace. He then submitted his suggestion to the Islamic Conference in 2003, where it was approved by the Islamic countries, including Iran.
Ghattas sees three political motives behind Sisi’s initiative: support the Palestinian position by unifying Arab ranks, bring back the Palestinian issue to the global table after its lengthy neglect and reintroduce Egypt to the world as the Middle Eastern country most capable of mediating a comprehensive and just peace.
According to Ghattas, Abbas’ speech to the UN was previously agreed upon in Egypt, since Abbas had visited Egypt on Sept. 9 before going on his European tour and then on to the UN headquarters in New York. Ghattas believes it was also agreed that Abbas would announce Palestinian withdrawal from the Oslo Accords, which Israel turned into ink on paper. At this point, Egypt suggested — and Sisi subsequently called for — a collective peace agreement that would present an ultimatum to Israel: Accept peace with all Arab countries or have no peace with any of them.
Ghattas believes Sisi was not trying to normalize relations with Israel. “Sisi is trying to make a cold peace with Israel and the latter is well aware of that, but would take this cold peace over a hot war anytime,” he said.
Hassan Nafaa, head of the department of economics and political science at Cairo University, said Sisi was not aware of the full extent of his statement, since the peace agreement between Egypt and Israel is a bilateral agreement reached after strenuous efforts and cannot include new external parties. Rather, any such agreement with Israel must be reached through new negotiations and a new treaty.
Nafaa added that the idea of a comprehensive peace with Israel isn’t feasible since all of the countries bordering Israel, including Syria, entered negotiations with Israel. But when negotiations focused on establishing a Palestinian state under the June 1967 borders, Israel evaded any treaty in this context.
“Calling upon the Arab states to enter into a peace treaty will give priority to Israel, which soon will shy away from its obligations to return the occupied territories. This has happened with the Oslo Accords and UN Resolution 194 on the right of return of refugees, which was a condition — that Israel has yet to meet — for its admission at the UN,” Nafaa said.
Said al-Lawandi, an expert in international relations at Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, told Al-Monitor, “Israel sees the Islamic sanctities as an obstacle preventing it from ending the Palestinian cause; therefore, it races time to Judaize Jerusalem, and all it has left is to demolish Al-Aqsa Mosque.”
He explained that Sisi is calling for all Arabs to support the Palestinian cause and protect Al-Aqsa Mosque, since Palestinians are not solely responsible for the mosque.
Lawandi added, “Sisi wanted to solve the Palestinian cause in light of difficult security situations experienced by several Arab countries such as Syria, Libya, Iraq and Yemen. War will not be an option in dealing with Israel in order to protect Al-Aqsa Mosque, and this is why Sisi [proposed] the peace option.”
(Source / 08.10.2015)
Israeli police have reportedly often used undercover officers to infiltrate demonstrations but deny the practice
Infiltrated members of the Israeli security forces detain a Palestinian stone thrower and aim their weapons at fellow protesters during clashes in Beit El, on the outskirts of the West Bank city of Ramallah
JERUSALEM – Two Palestinians were shot and injured on Wednesday when what appeared to be at least eight undercover Israeli agents, dressed like Palestinians and wearing scarves around their faces, infiltrated a group of Palestinian protesters during clashes. One of the men is believed to be in critical condition.
The alleged team of undercover Israeli forces were caught on camera by several journalists as they joined in with Palestinians throwing rocks during clashes near the illegal Beit El settlement block outside of Ramallah.
Videos of the event, shot by an AFP cameraman and showing Palestinian protesters running from the scene, have since gone viral. The footage shows undercover forces as they pull out hand guns and move to detain protesters. Cries of mustarabiin – meaning an Israeli in Arab clothing to carry out military missions – can be heard rising up from the crowd.
Israeli army forces quickly responded, coming forward to help the undercover forces.
Three Palestinians were caught and detained, two of which were shot and beaten before being arrested.
An Israeli army spokesperson told Middle East Eye that more than 350 protesters were throwing rocks, firebombs and shooting fireworks at Israeli forces in the Beit El clashes.
However, the spokesperson would not comment on the use of undercover agents at the event and refused to elaborate on whether Israel used these methods in the West Bank and beyond as it has long been rumoured to do.
The spokesperson did confirm that two Palestinians were shot at the scene and said that they were treated by medics at the scene before being taken to hospitals in Jerusalem.
In a Facebook post, an Israeli Army spokesperson Peter Lerner later published a 17-second video showing the incident from a different angle. In this footage, the forces are described as being from the Israeli army’s elite Duvdevan unit, the Times of Israel reported.
An official from the Palestinian Red Crescent Society told MEE that their medics were unable to treat the two Palestinians, as they were being detained, and had not been able to make contact with them following the event.
The use of undercover Israeli forces has been documented countless times.
An AFP journalist who caught the incident on video released a blog post about the event later on Wednesday.
“It’s fairly common to see Israeli agents infiltrate the crowds of Palestinian stone throwers during demonstrations,” the journalist wrote. “I’ve witnessed this plenty of times in Jerusalem.”
“But today, I filmed these undercover agents for the first time firing live bullets into a crowd of protesters,” he added.
Israel maintains a cadre of undercover police units, well versed in Arabic language and local culture and often drawn from the ranks of Jews, as well as Druze and other Palestinian citizens of Israel.
Palestinians even have a word for Israelis infiltrating their communities, Mustarabiin, meaning someone who is disguising themselves as an Arab.
At protests in which there are youth from a variety of neighbourhoods, it is common practice for protesters to tuck their shirts into their pants, and to question anyone not doing so. The point behind the practice is to show that one does not have a gun around their waist-line.
Last year al-Jazeera released a full-length Arabic documentary that focused on Israeli undercover agents infiltrating Palestinian communities, sometimes for years, feeding information back to Israeli intelligence before they are activated on a particular mission.
The footage of the event has had predictably mixed reaction on Twitter, with some praising Israeli forces for detaining Palestinian rock-throwers, and others questioning the ethics behind the event.
(Source / 08.10.2015)
Let’s not mince words. Israel is a fascist police state, masquerading as a democracy. How when state terror is official policy, when soldiers, police and Zionist zealots brutalize and murder Palestinians unaccountably, when institutionalized apartheid exceeds the worst of South Africa’s regime.
Palestine is a free-fire zone, unsafe to live in for Arabs. Israeli security forces rampage with impunity, licensed to kill at their discretion, taking full advantage, rewarded for shocking brutality.
In the last five days alone, three Palestinian youths were gunned down in cold blood, two aged 13. Another 500 were injured, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS).
It declared a state of emergency in the West Bank and East Jerusalem following days of Israeli violence, in Occupied Palestine an endless pogrom of racist hate, violence, mass arrests and cold-blooded murders.
PRCS activated its Al-Bireh HQ central Operations Room- its “staff, teams and volunteers put on standby.” It said Israeli forces attacked its personnel, ambulances and other vehicles 14 times in the past 72 hours while they tried aiding wounded Palestinians – preventing them from providing humanitarian care.
Ambulance crew members were beaten and wounded. A PRCS statement condemned Israeli violence, saying it “constitute(s) a blatant violation of key IHL (international humanitarian law) provisions” – mainly Fourth Geneva, requiring the protection of civilians in time of war.
Article 2 states “the present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them.”
The Convention shall also apply to all cases of partial or total occupation of the territory of a High Contracting Party, even if the said occupation meets with no armed resistance.
Fourth Geneva protects all personnel involved in aiding, transporting and treating wounded or sick individuals.
Israel enforces vicious occupation harshness, waging war on an entire population. Since last week, dozens of Palestinians were shot with live fire. Numerous others were physically assaulted.
Tensions were high following Israeli soldiers and police desecrating the Al-Aqsa Mosque (Islam’s third holiest site) multiple times in recent days – damaging it deliberately, brutalizing peaceful worshipers, making numerous arrests.
Things spun out-of-control following the killing of four Israelis. In just societies, police conduct investigations without brutalizing entire communities. Israel imposes collective punishment. Horrific Palestinian suffering follows.
A PLO statement said Israel “is deliberately creating a situation of violence and instability that threatens to spiral out-of-control.”
The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) accused Israel of crimes of excessive force and extreme brutality – carried out by soldiers, police and lunatic settlers.
Abused Palestinians respond justifiably to provocative Israeli tear gas, rubber bullets, live fire, beatings and other forms of abuse, using stones and empty bottles – hardly a fair fight.
PCHR said over 170 Palestinians wounded or killed by “live bullets and shrapnel in Jerusalem.” Israeli collective punishment policy willfully targets defenseless civilians.
World leaders able stop these horrors do nothing more than urge both sides to show restraint – effectively condoning Israeli violence, hate crimes, an appalling disregard for Palestinian rights, safety and welfare.
Netanyahu is a fascist thug, calling legitimate Palestinian resistance terrorism, vowing no letup in extreme police state violence.
“(J)ust as we’ve smashed previous waves of terrorism, we will also smash this wave of terrorism,” he blustered.
He convened a Monday evening security cabinet meeting to discuss ways to escalate violence against defenseless Palestinians. He ordered thousands more soldiers and police as shock troops throughout the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Zionist zealots demanded increased toughness, including fascist cabinet ministers. Extremist tourism minister Yariv Levin said “(t)hose who think that terror can defeat the spirit of the nation of Israel and can stop us implementing our historical rights in every part of the land of Israel, should see us here today and understand that we will not be beaten.”
Social affairs minister Haim Katz urged accelerated settlement construction. “The prime minister is the only one who can defeat terrorism and build the land of Israel, and we expect him to do so,” he said.
He called for tougher penalties on parents of children arrested for stone-throwing. PLO member Hanan Ashrawi said “who think that terror can defeat the spirit of the nation of Israel and can stop us implementing our historical rights in every part of the land of Israel, should see us here today and understand that we will not be beaten.”
Palestinians want rights everyone deserves. Israel wants endless violence and instability, blaming Palestinians for its high crimes, maintaining occupation harshness in response, including cold-blooded murder – with full US support and encouragement.
(Source / 07.10.2015)
Undocumented migrants disembark in Ben Guerdane, Tunisia, after being rescued by Tunisia’s naval forces in a failed attempt to cross into Italy from neighboring Libya, June 10, 2015
TUNIS, Tunisia — While a lot of focus in the recent migration debate has been on Europe, many of the southern Mediterranean countries are equally struggling with the situation. Tunisia, which is next to Libya, is increasingly trying to deal with, and prepare for, the influx of people.
“God Bless Tunisia,” said “Annie,” a Nigerian who is too afraid to reveal her real name. She added, “And God punish Libya!” Annie was smuggled through Libya via Niger, eventually ending up in the Libyan coastal city of Zuwara, which has become a center for human trafficking, only 60 kilometers (37 miles) from the Tunisian border. A majority of the asylum seekers arriving at the Tunisian borders enter, often unintentionally, via boats after being rescued at sea during their perilous journey from Libya. Upon arrival, each person’s status is assessed in order to determine whether the person is a refugee, which means a person running from persecution or conflict, or a migrant, i.e., someone leaving their home country in search for better economic opportunities. Tunisia is primarily a transit country. Most people arriving here are not aiming to stay but to continue to Europe. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) September 2015 fact sheet, there are currently around 928 registered refugees and asylum seekers in Tunisia, primarily from Syria.
Until a person’s status has been determined, the person is considered an asylum seeker. However, as Tunisia does not yet have an asylum law in place, the UNHCR assists Tunisian authorities in the refugee status determination process. Each person’s background is documented before determining their legal status. Their story is scrutinized, and their papers, if there are any, are assessed before a final verdict is made. People identified as refugees are protected by the 1951 Refugee Convention, which not only defines who is a refugee, but also states their rights and the obligation of the host country. However, the refugee status does not include residency in Tunisia, which is only authorized by the Tunisian Interior Ministry. Without a residency card, it is difficult for a refugee, often also without identification cards, to receive a work permit in a country already struggling with high unemployment rates. “We are trying to have a creative approach to the work situation for refugees,” said Nabil Benbekhti, senior protection officer at UNHCR. Today, most refugees work in the informal sector, but there are livelihood programs that aim to make refugees reach self-sufficiency by offering tailored training curriculum. There is also a startup that is in the process of hiring asylum seekers and refugees for maintenance work in domains such as gardening, plumbing or cleaning. Some initiatives have also included providing Syrian families with goats in order for them to produce cheese and potentially become self-sustaining.
Beside refugees, there are also migrants looking for better opportunities among the people rescued at sea. Annie is one of the migrants saved this summer and is one of the ones who decided to return to Nigeria. Despite the lack of opportunities, she would like to go back home to her village, even though it would mean she would likely return to her previous job, braiding women’s hair. “We assist the people who wish to return back home,” said Lorena Lando, chief of mission at the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Through the relevant embassy, a travel document is secured and migrants can safely return home with the help of IOM. About half decide to return home, while the other half, the ones not able or willing to return home, either try to stay in Tunisia, with an illegal status, or try returning to Libya for another attempt at crossing the sea.
According to the September 2015 UNHCR fact sheet, seven boats, with around 900 passengers, have been rescued at sea outside the Tunisian coast during the first six months of 2015. Of them, 147 claimed asylum. Most of the boats attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea depart from Libya. Due to the country’s civil war, the smugglers can operate fairly freely. According to Lando, about 80% of the migrants who risk their lives by boarding the boats from the Libyan shores and arrive in Tunisia are looking for better economic opportunities, while the rest are refugees from Eritrea or Somalia or war-torn Syria. (The broader statistics of departures from Libya suggest a lower figure, where about 50% are migrants and 50% are refugees.) Their goal is Europe, but often due to engine breakdown or boats not seaworthy, they end up outside the southern Tunisian coastline, where some are saved by the Tunisian coast guard. That is what happened to Annie. She was saved after four days at sea. Now she is waiting to return to Nigeria.
Tunisia has seen a clear shift in its migration. Before 2011, there were less than 100 refugees arriving, then primarily from Algeria, Western African countries including the Ivory Coast or Palestinians. However, the Libyan civil war, which began in 2011, changed the situation. What happens in Libya will have a direct effect on Tunisia, explained Lando. Most foreigners in Tunisia are Libyans. On arrival they can stay for three months. However, in order to work, they need to apply at the Interior Ministry for a work permit. The exact number of Libyans in Tunisia is difficult to estimate but is believed to be roughly 300,000, said Lando.
With no end in sight for the Libyan civil war, Tunisia is in dire need of asylum legislation. Since 2011, the UNHCR has been assisting the small Mediterranean country with training and technical assistance ahead of the drafting of an asylum law. Since 2012, the two draft texts have been prepared and are ready to be approved by parliament. “An asylum law will be adopted during the year of 2016,” said Belgacem Sabri, secretary of state in charge of migration affairs and social integration. When enacted, the refugee status process will become the responsibility of the Tunisian authorities and a national protection system will be put in place. “More and more, the need for a protection system is reaffirmed, and this is our aim, to provide Tunisia with a system that is adapted to its capacity and needs,” said Benbekhti. “Tunisia has a role to play in the region in offering a protection space.”
A national five-year migration development strategy includes protecting migrants’ rights and enhancing the contribution of migration to socio-economic development on a local, regional and national level. The strategy is to involve diasporas in the social, economic and political development of the country, said Sabri. Legislation on migration dates back to 1968 and needs to be amended to meet today’s dynamics. “Tunisia needs to prepare long term for a larger influx of migrants,” said Lando. Mobility is a never-ending process, and it is important to see the positive impact migration can have and to research its underlying socio-economic factors, she added. Tunisia, due to its democratic transition and geographical location, can increasingly turn into a destination country, which would require long-term measures from the Tunisian government, concluded Lando.
(Source / 07.10.2015)
By Engelbert Luitsz (www.alexandrina.nl/?p=4170)
“You can’t be neutral on a moving train.”
Een redactioneel stuk in de Volkskrant van gisteren laat goed zien hoe de Nederlandse krantenlezer wordt beduveld (Abbas probeert escalatie met Israël te voorkomen). Het geweld in Palestina komt voor het overgrote deel van de kant van de Israëlische regering, met steun van gewelddadige kolonisten. De achtergrond van 67 jaar landroof en bezetting wordt door de VK niet eens genoemd.
Maar zelfs als we ons beperken tot het huidige geweld kun je niet om de gebeurtenissen van vorig jaar heen. De verdwijning van drie joodse kolonisten op de Westelijke Jordaanoever vormde het excuus voor een maand van absolute terreur van Israëlische kant, gevolgd door een nietsontziende aanval op de Gazastrook (op geen enkele wijze verbonden met de Westelijke Jordaanoever, ik zeg het nog maar even).
De achterliggende motivatie voor deze aanpak was het feit dat er een verzoening dreigde tussen Fatah en Hamas. Premier Netanyahu had de interne verdeeldheid onder de Palestijnen altijd aangegrepen als excuus en nu dreigde hij door de mand te vallen. De verdeel-en-heerspolitiek van de zionisten werd weer eens pijnlijk duidelijk.
Sinds vorig jaar is Israël gewoon doorgegaan met het bestoken van de Gazastrook en het verder indammen van de rechten van Palestijnen in Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Westelijke Jordaanoever en het versterken van de wurggreep op de Gazastrook. Boeren, vissers en ongewapende demonstranten worden onder vuur genomen. Sinds het einde van de aanval in augustus vorig jaar heeft Israël zo’n 700 keer het bestand geschonden en dat is exclusief de 29 aanvallen met vliegtuigen als reactie op raketjes. Zoals een Palestijnse man eerder dit jaar al opmerkte is Israël nooit gestopt met het beschieten van de Gazastrook. Onze media worden kennelijk pas wakker als er eindelijk iets teruggedaan wordt van Palestijnse kant. Zo ook de Volkskrant weer.
Het begint al met de suggestie dat het gevaar van Palestijnse kant komt. Het is Abbas die probeert een geweldsescalatie te voorkomen. Dat Israël precies het tegenovergestelde doet wordt niet vermeld.
Duizenden Israëliërs protesteerden maandagavond bij de residentie van premier Netanyahu, zij eisen een hard optreden tegen het Palestijnse geweld van de afgelopen dagen.
Het gaat hier om een groep van de meest extremistische joden in Israël. Alsof een demonstratie van de PVV in een buitenlandse krant terecht zou komen als “duizenden Nederlanders protesteerden…”. Klakkeloos neemt de VK “het Palestijnse geweld” over, alsof het van één kant komt. Ook Netanyahu’s woorden over “terroristen en andere provocateurs” worden zonder enige schaamte overgenomen. En dan zijn er uiteraard weer huizen gesloopt, niet van de “terroristen“, maar van hun familie. Dat is een collectieve straf en dat is onrechtmatig. De VK: “met het slopen van hun huizen hoopt Israël een extra signaal af te geven.” Hoe weten ze daar bij de redactie wat “Israël hoopt“? En wat verstaan ze onder “een extra signaal“?
Ze gaan daar bij de VK zeker niet over een nacht ijs. “De spanningen tussen de Israëli’s en Palestijnen lopen al langer op.” wordt ons verteld. Schokkend! Alsof de alwetende geest van Hans Jansen daar over de redactie waart.
Onder het kopje Spanningen begint het uiteraard met het doodschieten van een Israëlisch echtpaar, vorige week donderdag. Het woord “echtpaar”, zonder verdere kwalificatie is al misleidend. Uiteraard was het een brute moord, maar dit waren vanuit Palestijns perspectief geen onschuldige slachtoffers. Ze behoorden tot de harde kern van de kolonistenbeweging.
Deze Henkins behoorden tot een religieus-nationalistische nederzetting (Neria), waarvan veel bewoners zijn opgeleid op de Mercaz haRav yeshiva, als het ware de ”bron” van de harde (Gush Emunim) kern van de kolonisten. (Abu Pessoptimist)
Wanneer Palestijnen met dergelijke gedrag en denkbeelden vermoord zouden zijn, zou men het in de Israëlische pers niet hebben over een “echtpaar”, doch over “terroristen”.
De redactie van de VK ziet dus geen verband met de moorden op de doofstomme Ahmad Khatatbeh of de studente Hadeel al-Hashlamun een week eerder (2 van de meer dan 25 doden door Israëlische militairen/politie dit jaar, dus buiten de slachtoffers van de terreur van kolonisten).
De wijze van formuleren spreekt ook boekdelen. Kijk hier eens naar. Als het om Palestijnse daders gaat is er geen twijfel mogelijk:
- Donderdag schoten twee Palestijnen een Israëlisch echtpaar dood
- Twee dagen later doodde een Palestijnse man
Gaat het om Palestijnse slachtoffers dan is men een stuk voorzichtiger:
- Bij gevechten tussen Palestijnen en het Israëlische leger op de bezette Westelijke Jordaanoever is maandag volgens een Palestijnse arts een 13-jarige jongen om het leven gekomen
- Op zondag kwam een 18-jarige Palestijn om het leven bij schermutselingen
Ja, u leest het goed: twee keer “om het leven gekomen“; en “volgens een Palestijnse arts“. De VK-redactie is dus allesbehalve zeker dat het echt waar is.
De diepere oorzaak
De directe oorzaken zijn uiteraard de onhoudbare onderdrukking van de gehele Palestijnse bevolking en de openlijke steun die de racistische en gewelddadige elementen in de Israëlische maatschappij krijgen van de regering. Maar waarom gedraagt men zich zo? Omdat ze zo worden opgevoed is wat je overal hoort en leest. De Israëlische academica Nurit Peled schreef er ooit een indrukwekkend boek over. Op de website Academia is een wetenschappelijk artikel van haar te lezen waaruit blijkt dat we helemaal niet verbaasd moeten zijn over wat er het afgelopen jaar gebeurd is, of over wat we nu meemaken.
In haar eigen woorden:
Het artikel betoogt dat de standaard schoolboeken in Israël impliciet het vermoorden van Palestijnen legitimeren als een efficiënt instrument om een joodse staat met een joodse meerderheid te verzekeren.
Israëlische studenten beginnen aan hun dienstplicht in de overtuiging dat empathie aan ras gerelateerd is en geen plek heeft in de relatie tussen hen en hun buren die aan hun genade zijn overgeleverd.
Hoezeer deze blinde vlek voor alles wat niet tot de eigen stam behoort kan leiden tot een ontkenning van de realiteit, blijkt ook uit een Israëlisch kinderboek waarin de massamoord op de Palestijnen van vorig jaar wordt getransformeerd tot een verhaaltje over soldaten die een paar poesjes weten te redden in de Gazastrook. Richard Silverstein merkt op dat Palestijnen in het hele verhaal niet voorkomen, alsof de poesjes geen eerdere eigenaren hadden.
De vreugdevolle lynchpartijen
Ik zou er heel wat voor over hebben om beelden te zien van de groep Israëlische extremisten terwijl die vorig jaar de 16-jarige Mohammed Abu Khdeir levend verbrandden. De manier waarop de familie van Mohammed werd behandeld, opgepakt door de politie, bespuugd door de kolonisten, geeft wel een indicatie van hoe men het “vernietigen van de vijand” ervaart. Maar beelden zijn schaars. Israël doet er alles aan getuigenissen te laten verdwijnen. Camera’s worden vernield, journalisten vermoord, getuigen met de dood bedreigd of verbannen.
Deze week kregen we echter bij hoge uitzondering een kijkje in de keuken. Een groep Israëlische jongeren achtervolgt een Palestijnse jongen, al schreeuwend dat hij een terrorist is en gedood moet worden. De politie doet keurig wat ze zeggen en executeert de 19-jarige Fadi Samir Alloun. Het werd door verschillende mensen op video vastgelegd, dus hier kan men niet snel nog even ergens een mes neerleggen om een heel ander verhaal te verzinnen. Het is duidelijk dat de meute geniet van de moord en het bekende “Dood aan de Arabieren” klinkt ook hier weer vol overtuiging (Death-chanting Israeli mob rejoices as Palestinian teen is executed).
Tijd voor een echte krant
Het is deze context die zo pijnlijk afwezig is in de Volkskrant.Niet dat andere kranten veel beter zijn, en de NOS lijkt haar informatie rechtstreeks van het Israëlische ministerie van Propaganda te betrekken, maar de Volkskrant had ooit een imago van “links” en “kritisch”. Het verlies van serieuze journalistiek is extra pijnlijk wanneer het om zulke belangrijke zaken als Palestina gaat. Wat de redactie hier laat zien heeft niets met neutraliteit te maken: het is een duidelijke keuze voor de versie van de onderdrukker zelf.
President Khoja said that the Russian invasion of Syria will destabilize the region and threaten its security, adding that the Russians are not killing Syrian civilians but also the plan of the UN envoy Staffan de Mestura and all chances of reaching a political solution.
Khoja stressed the difficulty of reaching a political settlement in light of the continued Russian and Iranian-Syrian invasion of Syria.
“Assad’s regime was defeated and withdrew from the country’s north and south before handing over those areas to ISIS, then it sought help from the Iranian regime but they were also defeated by the Syrian rebels.
“With the rapid collapse of regime forces, Assad called for the Russian occupiers, and he barely controls one-sixth of Syria’s territory.” Khoja added.
“We are working to secure the necessary military support to all rebel factions,” adding that “the Syrian Coalition is making considerable efforts in this regard.”
(Source: Syrian Coalition + Al-Jazeera / 07.10.2015)