Posts Tagged ‘Libye’
Libyan blogger, the Cortinthia Hotel is seen under attack in Tripoli, Libya, Tuesday, Jan. 27, 2015
Heavy clashes broke out in theLibyan capital on Saturday, residents said, with gunfire and explosions heard in areas home to groups that oppose the Tripoli-based government.
The North African country is engulfed in a conflict between two governments, each allied to armed groups, who are fighting each other for power and territory four years after the ousting of autocrat ruler Muammar Qaddafi.
Gunfire and explosions could be heard since early morning in the central Fashloum district and the eastern Tajoura suburb, residents said. Shells hit several residential buildings but there were no immediate reports of casualties.
Groups in Fashloum and Tajoura oppose a government established in Tripoli after an allied faction called Libya Dawn seized the city in August and forced the existing, internationally recognised government to decamp to the east.
A senior official in Tripoli said forces loyal to his government had started a campaign in Tajoura, Fashloum and a third area “to get rid of drug dealers and all criminals loyal to (Khalifa) Haftar.”
Khalifa Haftar is an army general allied to the government in the east. He and the government have said several times they wanted to retake Tripoli by force.
In a statement on Saturday the eastern government said Libya Dawn had killed and arrested residents of Fashloum and Tajoura and cut electricity and water to both areas.
Clashes involving groups backing either side have occurred west of Tripoli in recent weeks but not inside the city.
Both sides have attacked cities belonging to the other side with war planes in recent weeks, undermining talks brokered by the United Nations to form a national unity government.
(Source / 18.04.2015)
An air strike byLibya‘s internationally recognised government against the capital Tripoli on Saturday killed a senior commander in a force loyal to the rival government that controls the capital, a Tripoli official said.
The attack came a day after the official government said it had launched a military offensive to “liberate” Tripoli, which was seized by a group called Libya Dawn in August, reinstating a previous assembly.
The recognised prime minister, Abdullah al-Thinni, and the elected parliament have been confined to eastern Libya since then. Both administrations allied to armed factions are fighting for control four years after the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi.
Salah Burki, a Libya Dawn leader, was killed in the strike, a Tripoli official said.
Saqer al-Joroushi, an eastern air force commander, said earlier his aircraft had hit the Mitiga airport in Tripoli and a camp used by Libya Dawn near another airport in the capital.
He said they also attacked the airport of Zuwara, a town near the Tunisian border west of Tripoli. An airport official said the runway had been hit but there were no casualties.
On Friday, U.N. Special Envoy Bernardino Leon said the military offensive threatened international efforts to reach agreement in the next few days on a unity government and lasting ceasefire.
Talks are being held in Morocco, the latest in a series of meetings since September grouping mostly moderates from both sides.
Western leaders say the U.N. talks are the only way to end the chaos in Libya where Islamist militants have gained ground.
Both sides have attacked each other with war planes in the past few days.
(Source / 21.03.2015)
“We have failed to recognize that arming militias and manufacturing a mercenary army under the banner of the dollar would only exacerbate disunity and ultimately play to our disadvantage,” one expert tells MintPress of the international community’s failings in Libya.
Libyan civilians watch fires at an Ansar al-Shariah Brigades compound, after hundreds of Libyans, Libyan Military, and Police raided the Brigades base, in Benghazi, Libya. Factions of the group in 2014 pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group. Libya, virtually a failed state the past years, has provided a perfect opportunity for the Islamic State group to expand from its heartland of Syria and Iraq to establish a strategic stronghold close to European shores.
LONDON — With global attention focused on Iraq and Syria, Libya was left to convulse under the weight of its own brand of political instability and insecurity, yet another failed Arab Spring state.
Of course, mainstream media watched and reported as Col. Moammar Gadhafi’s regime crumbled under an unprecedented, violent popular armed insurgency in 2011. That attention, however, was short-lived and fleeting.
Libya came back into focus on Feb. 14, when Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants published a gruesome video, “A Message Signed in Blood to the Nation of the Cross.” The five-minute video shows ISIS militants simultaneously beheading a group of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians, who had been abducted in Libya earlier this year.
With ISIS now inserted into the mix of Libya’s unravelling, the country is back on the forefront of the war on terror. Two days after the video surfaced, Egypt’s Ambassador to the U.K. Nasser Kamel told the BBC that ISIS would attempt to break into Europe by exploiting conventional migration routes, camouflaging its fighters within the waves of illegal migrants pouring toward Western capitals.
“[There are] boat people who go for immigration purposes and try to cross the Mediterranean. In the next few weeks, if we do not act together, there will be boats full of terrorists also,” Kamel warned on Feb. 16.
Likewise, Italy’s Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni echoed Kamel in comments to parliament on Feb. 18, stressing that ISIS poses “a grave threat” to European security.
Indeed, ISIS has articulated its intentions to enter Europe via Italy, since the Italian coast is easily accessible from Libya. Abu Arhim al-Libim, the alias used by an ISIS propagandist, wrote in a February letter to the West, “It [Libya] has a long coast and looks upon the southern Crusader states, which can be reached with ease by even a rudimentary boat.”
He also noted “the number of trips known as ‘illegal immigration’ from this coast, which are huge in number.”
“[I]f this was even partially exploited and developed strategically, pandemonium could be wrought in the southern European states and it is even possible that there could be a closure of shipping lines and targeting of Crusader ships and tankers,” he warned.
Speaking to MintPress, Kamel noted that Western powers failed to recognize the level of the threat that ISIS has come to pose not just to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, but to the world. “ISIS has thrived on instability and it will look West to expand its dominion. We need to act globally to defeat the terror militants’ agenda and counteract their territorial advances,” Kamel said.
While politicians and officials on both sides of the Atlantic are fixating on neutralizing the new “Libyan terror threat,” several political experts, including Philip Eliason and Anthony Biswell, feel that although ISIS poses an aggravated threat to Libya and the region, realities on the ground might dictate that the group’s strategic priorities are more geared toward consolidating their regional positions than opening up new fronts with the West.
“Although ISIS might of course seek to increase its visibility in Europe by conducting lone wolf attacks and thus further drive a wedge in between Western society and Muslims to increase its recruitment pool, it is likely the group will, however, prefer to reserve its resources to preserving those territories it holds under its control,” Eliason, of Philip Eliason and Associates, a consulting firm based in Malta that specializes in policy design, government affairs and training, among other issues, told MintPress.
Eliason is working as a consultant for the United Nations, advising on conflict mitigation and counterterrorism issues in view of mapping out and facilitating Libya’s political transition and empowering its state institutions.
Biswell, an external Yemen consultant for IHS Global Limited, a private global information company, believes that Libya’s unravelling proves two things: “One, the exportation of democracy through military intervention does not work, and two, that fighting terror with guns only serves to generate a space where radicals thrive.”
“Interestingly, Libya’s fall to ISIS appears but a repeat of Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan — all of which saw heavy U.S. military intervention and all of which saw, at one point or another, millions of dollars poured toward the funding of West-backed militias,” Adnan Al-Raheji, a political analyst specializing in radical movements and a journalist at the Yemen-based independent news website Khabar, told MintPress.
“It appears once again that those so-called moderates Washington and Western powers have been so keen on enabling and empowering have fed the very terror monster we were told they would destroy,” he continued.
“Since 2003, Anglo-American power has secretly and openly coordinated direct and indirect support for Islamist terrorist groups linked to al-Qaeda across the Middle East and North Africa. This ill-conceived patchwork geostrategy is a legacy of the persistent influence of neoconservative ideology, motivated by longstanding but often contradictory ambitions to dominate regional oil resources, defend an expansionist Israel, and in pursuit of these, re-draw the map of the Middle East.”
“We need to ask ourselves this: How do we convince war profiteers and capitalists that terror and chaos are not worth their bottom lines? Because, really, we all knew that arming militias was always going to backfire, and yet Washington, London, Paris and co. went along and did it anyway,” Al-Raheji said. “Why? Money and oil would be a good way to start that conversation.”
The rise of ISIS in Libya
The moments shortly after the blast, when flames rose up from outside the hotel, appearing to be from the aftermath of the car bomb. A group affiliated with the extremist Islamic State claims a deadly and fairly complex attack on a Tripoli hotel _ indicating an expansion of the group’s activities to a chaotic North African state on the cusp of Europe and suggesting a level of coordination with its core in Syria and Iraq.
The arrival of ISIS in Libya has been more insidious than its arrival in other parts of the MENA region — namely, Iraq and Syria, where terror militants have scored a series of grand military victories, powered by foreign patrons. Yet ISIS has nevertheless managed to impose itself as a Goliath among Libya’s many factions and militias.
Libya’s descent into chaos began like that of many countries in the region in 2011, an unexpected byproduct of the Arab Spring and, as U.S. author and historian William Blum noted, “America’s most dangerous export — democracy.”
“It is in the midst of such chaos and politico-institutional void that ISIS came to be. Terror militants recognized the power which laid in chaos and overlapping agendas. They saw in Libya another Syria, another Iraq, to add to their growing caliphate,” Al-Raheji said.
Eliason, who is observing developments on the ground in Libya, believes ISIS exploited Western powers’ oversight and eagerness to entrust certain individuals with running the transition of power. “Both the U.S. and the EU believed that Libya’s designated elite would transition into a thriving democracy. They mostly failed to recognize that Libya was not ready to be left to its own device,” he said.
“There is no real unity to Libya, no real sense of nationalism. Libya is all tribes and no civil society. The only real common denominator is Islam, and terror radicals are tapping into this narrative to manifest cohesion where there was none. And this is where the international community is failing. We have failed to recognize that arming militias and manufacturing a mercenary army under the banner of the dollar would only exacerbate disunity and ultimately play to our disadvantage.”
Libya currently has two governments jostling for legitimacy: the internationally-recognized government, based in the eastern coastal town of Tobruk, and the Islamist-backed General National Congress (GNC), based in the capital, Tripoli. In perfect symmetry, ISIS appointed two emirs: the emir of Tripoli, a Tunisian national known as Abu Talha, and the emir of Darna, a Yemeni national who goes by the nom de guerre Abu Al Baraa el-Azdi.
Earlier this month, Mohamed Eljarh, a Libyan analyst and non-resident fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Rafik Hariri Centre for the Middle East, warned that ISIS is using failed states across the region to expand the group’s territories in line with its hegemonic ambitions.
“They are seeking to overtake territory, entire cities and towns and entire states. That is their strategy,” Eljarh told Newsweek. “The flow of fighters is in line with this strategy in order to take over failed states such as Libya, Iraq and Syria.”
The writing was on the wall
Police tape secures the Iranian ambassador’s house after it received minor damage from an improvised explosive device placed among garbage bags, in Libya’s capital, Tripoli, Libya, Sunday, Feb. 22, 2015.
Though the arrival of ISIS onto the Libyan scene has been portrayed as a new development, it certainly wasn’t unanticipated. Many had warned U.S. officials that arming and financing unknown outfits in the MENA region would end in disaster.
Former National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski cautioned President Barack Obama against arming Syrian rebels in June 2013. He tweeted, “I don’t see any strategic sense in yesterday’s WH [White House] announcement on Syria. This is a mess in the making.”
Michael Shank, adjunct faculty at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, also expressed strong reservations toward America’s tendency to arm mercenaries across the region in view of preventing a repeat of Afghanistan’s drawn out military expedition.
He wrote in a report for the Huffington Post in August 2013:
“Arming one side of Syria’s multi-sided and bloody civil war will come back to haunt us. Past decisions by the U.S. to arm insurgencies in Libya, Angola, Central America and Afghanistan helped sustain brutal conflicts in those regions for decades. In the case of Afghanistan, arming the mujahideen in the 1980s created the instability that emboldened extreme militant groups and gave rise to the Taliban, which ultimately created an environment for al Qaeda to thrive.”
Indeed, as of February, ISIS was, if not in control, in a strong enough position that it could taunt Western capitals and lay claim to Libya’s vast oil resources, as its militants have launched coordinated military campaigns against the country’s oil fields. On Monday, hundreds fled as ISIS fighters clashed with Libya Dawn forces over the weekend in the coastal city of Sirte, the hometown of ousted dictator Gadhafi and one of the country’s biggest oil ports.
As of Tuesday, Brigade 166, which is comprised of forces from at least six militias from the city of Misrata loyal to Libya Dawn, was still leading the clashes against alleged ISIS militants just outside Sirte.
Libyan military spokesman Ahmed al-Mesmaro told MintPress that “should Libya’s oil resources fall to the hands of the ISIS Libyans’ lifeline, their future would be lost to terror.”
Speaking to Time magazine, Mohamed Eljarh said, “The Islamic State is trying to use the disunity of Libyans, and the fact that there is fighting going on between rival armed groups to target Libya’s only source of income, Libya’s national wealth represented by the oil facilities.”
“By attacking the oil sector in Libya, they will ensure that any unity government will be deprived of much of the funds they need to buy the weapons they need to face this group,” he added.
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 23, 2013, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on the deadly September attack on the U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi, Libya, that killed Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans.
Adnan Al-Raheji, the political analyst from Yemen, believes that America’s counterterror policy leaves something to be desired.
“Although the U.S. built a formidable counterterror infrastructure on the back of 9/11, U.S. officials are still mistaking ISIS for al-Qaida, assuming that the same tactics can apply to its destruction,” he told MintPress.
“ISIS is a different terror beast, it is not an outgrowth of al-Qaida or the next phase into its evolution. ISIS is the post-al-Qaida threat, ISIS is terror 2.0, jihadism on steroids, if you will.”
As Al-Raheji noted, while al-Qaida remains a grave threat to world security, the threat posed by ISIS is even greater still. Thus, a new strategy should be devised.
More troubling, he warned, is the fact that ISIS has managed to hold Western powers’ hostage to their fears.
“The West has failed to understand that ISIS is hyping up the threat of terror attacks on European soil to further isolate Muslim communities throughout and ensure that more disillusioned youth will buy into its jihadist propaganda,” he asserted.
“ISIS is playing mind games with the West, and governments are falling for it. For every attack or every talk of attack against Western interests, Muslims are being vilified and Islam criminalized. For every new anti-Muslim demonstration like the PEGIDA [an anti-Muslim movement] in Germany, more Muslims will chose to join the IS [ISIS] out of fear and a sense of desperation,” he said. “Things can only change if we change the way we look at terror.”
Ahmad Barqawi, a freelance columnist and writer, argues that it was actually Gadhafi who first foretold Libya’s fate when he accused revolutionaries of being nothing but pawns of al-Qaida.
In a report for Counterpunch earlier this month, Barqawi wrote:
“This is what Gaddafi had predicted right from the get-go and then some; the ephemeral euphoria of the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions was just too potent and too exhilarating for us to read the fine print; was it a conspiracy or a true revolutionary spirit gone awry? It doesn’t really matter now that ISIS has become the true legacy of Tahrir Square; ‘they will turn Libya into another Afghanistan, another Somalia, another Iraq… your women won’t be allowed out, they will transform Libya into an Islamic Emirate and America will bomb the country under the pretext of fighting terrorism’, the late Libyan leader had said in a televised speech on February 22nd, 2011, and more prophetic words were never spoken.”
(Source / 19.03.2015)
Egypt and the UAE have offered to treat the injured after bombing claimed by IS in ‘revenge’ for airstrikes on Derna
Residents of Libya’s al-Qubbah prepare graves for at least 40 people killed in Friday’s car bombing
Condemnations have poured in after a triple car bombing claimed by Islamic State killed at least 40 people in the eastern Libyan city of al-Qubbah, as renewed airstrikes hit sites thought to be controlled by the militants.
Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, the US and the EU all condemned the huge attack, which also injured at least 65 people.
The Egyptian Prime Minister, Ibrahim Mahleb, offered his condolences on Friday evening for the bombing that killed four Egyptians and two Sudanese nationals along with at least 34 Libyans.
In a statement, Mahleb said that Egypt “stands with our sister Libya in confronting terrorism and working to destroy it”.
Mahleb said that some of those injured in the bombing would be transferred to receive treatment in Egyptian hospitals.
In its statement, the UAE offered the use of its own hospitals to those affected by the blast.
The US also denounced the attack, which targeted a petrol station packed with people on Friday afternoon.
“The recent terrorist attack confirms the need for all parties in Libya to participate in dialogue led by the United Nations…to form a national unity government,” US State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki told reporters at a press briefing in Washington on Friday.
The EU echoed the call for unity in its statement, warning that this is the “last chance” for parties in the Libyan conflict to engage in dialogue.
Libya is in the grip of a protracted crisis, with an ongoing political deadlock as two rival parliaments struggle for legitimacy.
The House of Representatives (HoR) has gained international recognition, and meets in the far-eastern city of Tobruk, while the General National Congress (GNC) continues to meet in the capital Tripoli despite the HoR’s claim that its mandate elapsed months ago.
Militia groups have thrived in the resulting power vacuum, and last week Islamic State claimed to have executed 21 Egyptian Christians kidnapped in the Libyan town of Sirte.
Egypt retaliated within hours, launching airstrikes on the eastern town of Derna, a militant stronghold some 800 kilometres from where the Egyptian workers were abducted.
In a statement on released hours after the bombing, IS published the images and names of the attackers, saying they had sought “revenge for the blood of Muslims in the city of Derna and vengeance against the Tobruk government”.
Egypt’s airstrikes, launched at dawn on Monday morning, were carried out in co-ordination with the Tobruk government.
The government’s Foreign Minister, Mohammed al-Dairi, told a UN Security Council meeting on Wednesday that he had asked Egypt to continue its airstrikes.
In the wake of the attack, renewed airstrikes targeted the central city of Sirte as well as Derna to the east.
Planes from the air force allied to the HoR struck a former government complex that has recently been used as an IS base in the city of Sirte, according to Libyan news site al-Wasat.
Libyan analyst Mohammed el-Jarh said on Friday evening that Derna residents he had spoken to were “extremely worried” about retaliation in the aftermath of the IS bombing in al-Qubbah.
(Source / 20.02.2015)
Libya’s foreign minister is asking the UN Security Council to lift an arms embargo so the country can fight the growing threat of the Islamic State group.
Foreign Minister Mohammed al Dairi spoke to an emergency session of the council Tuesday amid regional alarm after the Islamic State group posted a video of the beheadings of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians in Libya.
He stresses that Libya is not asking for international intervention, but his country has asked neighboring Egypt to support the Libyan army.
Al Dairi says the international community has a “legal and moral responsibility to lend urgent support” and the region, including the Mediterranean, is in danger.
“If we fail to have arms provided to us, this can only play into the hands of extremists,” he says.
(Source / 18.02.2015)
Cairo is pushing for action against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group in Libya after the jihadists released a gruesome video showing the beheadings of Egyptian Christians
Egypt said Wednesday a draft U.N. Security Council resolution on Libya submitted by Arab states makes no mention of the international military intervention against jihadists that Cairo originally proposed.
“There is no call for foreign military intervention,” the foreign ministry said of a proposed resolution that would lift a UN embargo on arms sales to Libya for the benefit of the country’s internationally recognised government.
The announcement comes after Western powers balked at taking on the local branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which recently beheaded Egyptian Christians in Libya, stressing instead the need for a political solution to the unrest there.
(Source / 18.02.2015)
Egyptian F-16 fighter jet preparing to take off in the early morning from an undisclosed location to conduct air strikes against ISIS group targets in Libya
Egypt’s air force bombed ISIS targets in Libya at dawn on Monday, a day after the militant group released a videopurporting to show the execution of 21 Egyptian Copts there.
“Your armed forces on Monday carried out focused air strikes in Libya against Daesh camps, places of gathering and training, and weapons depots,” the military said in a statement, using the Arabic acronym for ISIS.
It was the first time Egypt confirmed launching air strikes against the group in neighboring Libya, suggesting President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is ready to escalate his battle against militants seeking to topple his government.
The military said the dawn strike, in which Libya’s air force also participated, “achieved its targets accurately” and the pilots returned to base safely, the Egyptian military said, as state television ran brief footage of a fighter plane taking off in darkness.
In a statement to Al Arabiya News Channel, a Libyan air defense commander Saqer al-Joroushi said “more air strikes will be carried out today and tomorrow in coordination with Egypt.”
Sisi had given a televised address, saying that Egypt and the world are facing “ferocious threats.”
In separate to Egyptian state television al-Joroushi said between 40 to 50 militants were killed in Monday’s air strikes.
“There are casualties among the individuals, ammunition and the communication centres belonging to them,” Al-Joroushi said. “The number of deaths are not less than 40 or 50 for sure,” he said.
On Sunday, ISIS released a video purportedly showing the beheading of 21 Egyptians captured in Libya.
The 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians, who had gone to Libya in search of jobs, were marched to a beach, forced to kneel and then beheaded, according to the video, broadcast via a website that supports Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Men in orange jumpsuits purported to be Egyptian Christians held captive by the ISIS are marched by armed men along a beach said to be near Tripoli, in this still image from an undated video made available on social media on February 15, 2015
The United Arab Emirates, a close ally of Sisi, said it “would put all its capabilities” to support … Egypt’s efforts to eradicate terrorism and the violence against its citizens.”
Security officials say militants based in Libya have established ties with Sinai Province, a group operating from Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula that has pledged allegiance to ISIS.
Family member of one of 27 Egyptian Coptic Christian workers who have been kidnapped in the Libyan city of Sirte, sits crying in front of a banner with pictures of the workers, in Cairo
Top security meeting
Sinai Province has killed hundreds of Egyptian soldiers and police since the army toppled Islamist president Mohamed Mursi in 2013 after mass protests against his rule. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called an urgent meeting of Egypt’s top national security body after the video was released.
Following the release of the video, Sisi had given a televised address, saying that Egypt and the world are facing “ferocious threats” hailing from radical militants, who are “devoid of any humane sense.”
He said his country reserved the right to “punish these murderers” as he called a meeting of security chiefs and declared seven days of mourning after the video was distributed by militants on social media.
The Egyptian President also headed on Monday to a Cairo cathedral to offer condolences to the church on slaying of the 21 Copts.
The Coptic Orthodox church earlier said it was “confident” that those who purportedly beheaded a group of Egyptian Copts in Libya will be punished.
Family members of 27 Egyptian Coptic Christian workers kidnapped in the Libyan city of Sirte, take part in a sit-in inside the compound of Saint Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral to call for the release of their relatives, in Cairo
“The Orthodox church … is confident its homeland would not rest until the evil perpetrators get their fair retribution for their wicked crime,” the Coptic church said in a statement on its Facebook page.
The footage shows 21 handcuffed hostages wearing orange jumpsuits being beheaded by their black-suited captors on a beach the group said was in the Libyan province of Tripoli.
Meanwhile, French President Francois Hollande said he has agreed with his Egyptian counterpart that U.N. Security Council should meet and take measures over the situation in Libya.
The United States has condemned the beheadings, saying: “The United States condemns the despicable and cowardly murder of twenty-one Egyptian citizens in Libya by ISIS-affiliated terrorists,” White House spokesman Josh Earnest said.
“ISIS’s barbarity knows no bounds. It is unconstrained by faith, sect, or ethnicity,” Earnest added, saying the latest bloodshed “only further galvanizes the international community to unite against ISIS.”
“This heinous act once again underscores the urgent need for a political resolution to the conflict in Libya,” Earnest said.
(Source / 16.02.2015)