Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank are considered illegal under international law, though not by the Israeli government
BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — Israel’s so-called Samaria Regional Council, which provides services to illegal Israeli settlements scattered across the occupied West Bank, denounced plans by the Israeli government to permit Palestinian construction in some parts of Israeli-controlled areas in the territory, after reports emerged that the Israeli army intends to expand the municipal boundaries of Qalqiliya city, Israeli media reported on Wednesday.
According to The Jerusalem Post
, the plan would see 14,000 new homes planned for Palestinians in Area C — the more than 60 percent of the West Bank under full Israeli control, where Palestinians are essentially prohibited from building or developing.
Yossi Dagan, the head of the council, called the government “crazy” for implementing such a plan, adding that “this kind of double-faced conversation can’t continue.”
“The government can’t continue to contend in the morning that it is doing everything possible for the settlement enterprise, but then halt building in Judea and Samaria. Nor can it turn around in the evening and approve Palestinian building,” Dagan added, insinuating that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has “halted” illegal Israeli settlement construction, despite advancing plans
for thousands of illegal settler units this month alone.
In 2016 alone
, Israeli forces demolished 1,093 Palestinian homes across the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, displacing 1,601 Palestinians mostly under the pretext of lacking nearly impossible to obtain Israeli-issued building permits in Area C and East Jerusalem.
At least 417 Palestinians have already been displaced since the start of this year as a result of Israeli demolitions, according to UN documentation. Palestinian authorities have claimed that the new agreement with Israeli officials would curb these routine demolitions of Palestinian homes in Area C.
However, the council and right-wing Israeli politicians have denounced the agreement, fearing that such a move could permanently relinquish the territory to a future Palestinian state if a final status agreement was ever forged between the Israelis and Palestinians, according to The Jerusalem Post.
Ultra-right Knesset members Naftali Bennett and Ayelet Shaked, both members of the right-wing Israeli Home Party, released a joint statement condemning the plan for its disregard of “Israeli interests” in the West Bank.
The statement reportedly said that the two opposed the “carrot and stick plan
,” referring to a policy advanced by Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman whereby harsher punishment would be imposed upon families and villages from which “terrorists” originate, while economic benefits would be granted to areas that “have not produced terrorists.”
The statement added that such a policy “ensures the Palestinian takeover of Area C.”
The Oslo agreements in 1995 between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israeli authorities divided the West Bank into three sections: Area A, B, and C. Area A, comprising the populated Palestinian cities and making up 18 percent of the West Bank, would be controlled by the newly formed PA, while Area B remained under Israeli army control with the PA controlling civil affairs.
, the majority of the West Bank, however, was placed under full Israeli military control and contains the majority of natural resources and open spaces in the Palestinian territory. The Israeli-controlled land was expected to be gradually transferred to the PA over a five-year period, according to the Oslo agreements.
Yet, almost two decades later, the land has remained under Israeli control. Area C, along with East Jerusalem — the capital of any future Palestinian state as part of a two-state solution — has been the site of rapid Israeli settlement expansions, while Israel’s separation wall has further divided Palestinian communities and has restricted Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza from even visiting what was intended to be their capital.
Meanwhile, some 600,000 Israelis reside in Israeli settlements across the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, in contravention of international law.
Israeli rights group B’Tselem reported
that in 2016 Palestinians experienced the highest number of Israeli demolitions since the group began recording the incidents. At the same time, settlement watchdog Peace now reported that Israel’s illegal settlement construction in the West Bank increased by 34 percent in 2016
, with Israeli authorities initiating construction on 1,814 new settler housing units.
According to Palestinians and rights groups, Israel’s overall goal, both in its policies in Area C and Israel’s settlement enterprise, is to depopulate the land of its Palestinian residents and replace them with Jewish Israeli communities in order to manipulate population demographics in all of historic Palestine.
Such policies have been aimed at advancing the colonization of Palestinian land in a continuation of policies implemented since 1948, when Israel was established as a country in historic Palestine, according to rights groups.
Meanwhile, recent agreements reportedly aimed to assuage Israel’s repressive policies in the Palestinian territory have come at the same time that right-wing Israeli politicians have continued to demand the full annexation of the West Bank, while Netanyahu reassured his settler support base last week
that he has been “doing everything to protect the settlement enterprise,” and that settlements would continue to expand in “all parts of Judea and Samaria (West Bank).”