Archive for October 2nd, 2011
TEHRAN (AFP) — Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Sunday proposed a “simple solution” to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict under which “everyone should go home.”
“If the backers of the Zionist regime want to solve the issue … the solution is simple … everyone should go home,” he told an international conference in Tehran.
“Some poor people were brought to Palestine on the promise of security and jobs while they made Palestinian people into refugees… So now Palestinians should go home and those brought here should go to theirs,” he said.
Tehran’s two-day International Conference on Palestine was attended by parliamentarians from some 20 nations and figures including Khaled Mashaal, exiled chief of the Gaza-ruling faction Hamas.
Mashaal told the conference on Saturday that Palestinian lands must be liberated before a state can be announced, Hamas-affiliated website the Palestinian Information Center reported.
At the opening on Saturday, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said the Islamic republic “totally rejects” President Mahmoud Abbas’s bid for acceptance of a Palestinian state at the UN, stating what he called his opposition to the division of Palestinian lands.
“The two-state scheme, which has been clad in the self-righteousness of the acceptance of the Palestinian government and membership at the United Nations, is nothing but a capitulation to the demands of the Zionists or the recognition of the Zionist regime on Palestinian land,” he declared.
On Sept. 23, the UN Security Council took up a request for full recognition of a Palestinian state over the vehement opposition of Israel and the United States.
Iran has not recognized Israel since its 1979 Islamic revolution and backs Palestinian groups who oppose the state, including Islamist movement Hamas, which has also criticized the UN bid as “begging” for a state.
Senior Hamas leader Ahmad Bahar speaking in Tehran on Saturday urged President Abbas to talk openly about “the negotiation path with brought Palestinians to an impasse,” and found a unified strategy for ending Israel’s occupation.
Abbas insists that it was 20 years of failed negotiations with Israel that forced him to go to the world body, to push leaders to follow through on the international community’s commitments to the Palestinians.
Israel, the US, and international diplomats have urged Abbas to return to negotiations in a bid to avert a diplomatic showdown, in which the US has vowed to veto the Palestinian application.
Hamas says the membership bid has been pursued without consultation with other Palestinian factions, and is a “dead end” move.
Hamas — whose party leadership are in exile in Damascus — took control of the Gaza Strip after ousting forces loyal to Abbas’ Fatah party in 2007. The rival factions signed a reconciliation deal in May, which has yet to be implemented.
(www.maannews.net / 02.10.2011)
By M. Amir Ali, Ph.D.,Published by The Institute of Islamic Information & Education
In the linguistic sense, the Arabic word “jihad” means struggling or striving and applies to any effort exerted by anyone. In this sense, a student struggles and strives to get an education and pass course work; an employee strives to fulfill his/her job and maintain good relations with his/her employer; a politician strives to maintain or increase his(1) popularity with his constituents and so on. The term strive or struggle may be used for/by Muslims as well as non-Muslims; for example, Allah, the One and Only True God says in the Qur’an:
“We have enjoined on people kindness to parents; but if they strive (Jahadaka) to make you ascribe partners with Me that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not…” (The Holy Quran, 29:8; also see 31:15)
In the above two verses of the Qur’an , it is non-Muslim parents who strive (jahadaka) to convert their Muslim child back to their religion. In the West, “jihad” is generally translated as “holy war,” a usage the media has popularized. According to Islamic teachings, it is unholy to instigate or start war; however, some wars are inevitable and justifiable.
If we translate the words “holy war” back into Arabic, we find “harbun muqaddasatu,” or for “the holy war,” “al-harbu al-muqaddasatu.” We challenge any researcher or scholar to find the meaning of “jihad” as holy war in the Qur’an or authentic Hadith collections or in early Islamic literature. Unfortunately, some Muslim writers and translators of the Qur’an, the Hadith and other Islamic literature translate the term “jihad” as “holy war,” due to the influence of centuries-old Western propaganda.
This could be a reflection of the Christian use of the term “Holy War” to refer to the Crusades of a thousand years ago. However, the Arabic words for “war” are “harb” or “qital,” which are found in the Qur’an and Hadith.
For Muslims the term Jihad is applied to all forms of striving and has developed some special meanings over time. The sources of this development are the Qur’an (the Word of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad(S) [(S) denotes Sall-Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, meaning peace and blessings of Allah be upon him]. The Qur’an and the Hadith use the word “jihad” in several different contexts which are given below:
1. RECOGNIZING THE CREATOR AND LOVING HIM MOST:
It is human nature to love what is seen with the eyes and felt with the senses more than the unseen reality. The Creator of the Universe and the One God is Allah. He is the Unseen Reality which we tend to ignore and not recognize. The Qur’an addresses those who claim to be believers:
“O you who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your brethren for protectors if they love disbelief over belief; whoever of you takes them for protectors, such are wrong-doers. Say: if your fathers, and your children, and your brethren, and your spouses, and your tribe, and the wealth you have acquired, and business for which you fear shrinkage, and houses you are pleased with are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. Allah does not guide disobedient folk.” (The Holy Quran 9:23, 24)
It is indeed a struggle to put Allah ahead of our loved ones, our wealth, our worldly ambitions and our own lives. Especially for a non-Muslim who embraces Islam, it may be a tough struggle due to the opposition of his family, peers and society.
2. RESISTING PRESSURE OF PARENTS, PEERS, AND SOCIETY:
Once a person has made up his mind to put the Creator of the Universe above all else, he often comes under intense pressures. It is not easy to resist such pressures and strive to maintain dedication and love of Allah over all else. A person who has turned to Islam from another religion may be subjected to pressures designed to turn him back to the religion of the family. We read in the Qur’an:
“So obey not the rejecters of faith, but strive (jahidhum) against them by it (the Qur’an) with a great endeavor.” (The Holy Quran, 25:52)
3. STAYING ON THE STRAIGHT PATH STEADFASTLY:
Allah says in the Qur’an:
“And strive (Jadihu) for Allah with the endeavor (Jihadihi) which is His right. He has chosen you and has not laid upon you in the deen (religion) any hardship…” (The Holy Quran, 22:78)
“And whosoever strives (Jahada), strives (yujahidu) only for himself, for lo! Allah is altogether independent of the universe.” (The Holy Quran, 29:6)
As for those who strive and struggle to live as true Muslims whose lives are made difficult due to persecution by their opponents, they are advised to migrate to a more peaceful and tolerant land and continue with their struggle in the cause of Allah. Allah says in the Qur’an:
“Lo! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wronged themselves, (the angels) will ask: ‘In what you were engaged?’ They will way: ‘We were oppressed in the land.’ (The angels) will say: ‘Was not Allah’s earth spacious that you could have migrated therein?‘” (The Holy Quran, 4:97)
“Lo! Those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape persecution) and strive (Jahadu) in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah’s mercy…” (The Holy Quran, 2:218)
Allah tests the believers in their faith and their steadfastness:
“Or did you think that you would enter Paradise while yet Allah knows not those of you who really strive (Jahadu), nor knows those (of you) who are steadfast.” (The Holy Quran, 3:142)
“And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and fruits; but give tidings to the steadfast.“(The Holy Quran, 2:155)
We find that the Prophet Muhammad(S) and his clan were boycotted socially and economically for three years to force him to stop his message and compromise with the pagans but he resisted and realized a moral victory(2).
4. STRIVING FOR RIGHTEOUS DEEDS:
Allah declares in the Qur’an:
“As for those who strive (Jahadu) in Us (the cause of Allah), We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo! Allah is with the good doers.” (The Holy Quran, 29:69)
When we are faced with two competing interests, it becomes jihad to choose the right one, as the following Hadith exemplify:
“Aisha, wife of the Prophet(S) asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, we see jihad as the best of deeds, so shouldn’t we join it?’ He replied, ‘But the best of jihad is a perfect Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).’” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, No. 2784)
At another occasion, a man asked the Prophet Muhammad(S):
“‘Should I join the jihad?’ He asked, ‘Do you have parents?’ The man said, ‘Yes!’ The Prophet(S) said, ‘Then strive by serving them!’” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, No. 5972)
Yet another man asked the Messenger of Allah(S):
“‘What kind of jihad is better?’ He replied, ‘A word of truth in front of an oppressive ruler!’” (Sunan Al-Nasa’i , No. 4209)
The Messenger of Allah(S) said:
“…the Mujahid (one who carries out jihad) is he who strives against himself for the sake of Allah, and the Muhajir (one who emigrates) is he who abandons evil deeds and sin.” (Sahih Ibn Hibbanm, No. 4862)
5. HAVING COURAGE AND STEADFASTNESS TO CONVEY THE MESSAGE OF ISLAM:
The Qur’an narrates the experiences of a large number of Prophets and good people who suffered a great deal trying to convey the message of Allah to mankind. For examples, see the Qur’an 26:1-190, 36:13-32. In the Qur’an, Allah specifically praises those who strive to convey His message:
“Who is better in speech than one who calls (other people) to Allah, works righteous, and declares that he is from the Muslims.” (The Holy Quran, 41:33)
Under adverse conditions it takes great courage to remain a Muslim, declare oneself to be a Muslim and call others to Islam. We read in the Qur’an:
“The (true) believers are only those who believe in Allah and his messenger and afterward doubt not, but strive with their wealth and their selves for the cause of Allah. Such are the truthful.” (The Holy Quran, 49:15)
6. DEFENDING ISLAM AND THE COMMUNITY:
Allah declares in the Qur’an:
“To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to defend themselves), because they are wronged – and verily, Allah is Most Powerful to give them victory – (they are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right – (for no cause) except that they say, ‘Our Lord is Allah’…” (The Holy Quran, 22:39-40)
The Qur’an permits fighting to defend the religion of Islam and the Muslims. This permission includes fighting in self-defense and for the protection of family and property. The early Muslims fought many battles against their enemies under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad(S) or his representatives. For example, when the pagans of Quraysh brought armies against Prophet Muhammad(S), the Muslims fought to defend their faith and community(3). The Qur’an adds:
“Fight in the cause of Allah against those who fight against you, but do not transgress limits. Lo! Allah loves not aggressors. …And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against transgressors.” (The Holy Quran, 2:190, 193)
7. HELPING ALLIED PEOPLE WHO MAY NOT BE MUSLIM:
In the late period of the Prophet Muhammad’s(S) life, the tribe of Banu Khuza’ah became his ally. They were living near Makkah which was under the rule of the pagan Quraysh, Prophet Muhammad’s(S) own tribe. The tribe of Banu Bakr, an ally of Quraysh, with the help of some elements of Quraysh, attacked Banu Khuza’ah invoked the treaty and demanded Prophet Muhammad(S) to come to their help and punish Quraysh. The Prophet Muhammad(S) organized a campaign against Quraysh of Makkah which resulted in the conquest of Makkah which occurred without any battle(4).
8. REMOVING TREACHEROUS PEOPLE FROM POWER:
Allah orders the Muslims in the Qur’an:
“If you fear treachery from any group, throw back (their treaty) to them, (so as to be) on equal terms. Lo! Allah loves not the treacherous.” (The Holy Quran, 8:58)
Prophet Muhammad(S) undertook a number of armed campaigns to remove treacherous people from power and their lodgings. He had entered into pacts with several tribes, however, some of them proved themselves treacherous. Prophet Muhammad(S) launched armed campaigns against these tribes, defeated and exiled them from Medina and its surroundings(5).
9. DEFENDING THROUGH PREEMPTIVE STRIKES:
Indeed, it is difficult to mobilize people to fight when they see no invaders in their territory; however, those who are charged with responsibility see dangers ahead of time and must provide leadership. The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad(S), had the responsibility to protect his people and the religion he established in Arabia. Whenever he received intelligence reports about enemies gathering near his borders he carried out preemptive strikes, broke their power and dispersed them(6). Allah ordered Muslims in the Qur’an:
“Fighting is prescribed upon you, and you dislike it. But it may happen that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that you love a thing which is bad for you. And Allah knows and you know not.” (The Holy Quran, 2:216)
10. GAINING FREEDOM TO INFORM, EDUCATE AND CONVEY THE MESSAGE OF ISLAM IN AN OPEN AND FREE ENVIRONMENT:
Allah declares in the Qur’an:
“They ask you (Muhammad) concerning fighting in the Sacred Month. Say, ‘Fighting therein is a grave (offense) but graver is it in the sight of Allah to prevent access to the path of Allah, to deny Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and drive out its inhabitants. Persecution is worse than killing. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith, if they can…” (The Holy Quran, 2:217)
“And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) fight back.” (The Holy Quran, 42:39)
To gain this freedom, Prophet Muhammad(S) said:
“Strive (Jahidu) against the disbelievers with your hands and tongues.” (Sahih Ibn Hibban, No. 4708)
The life of the Prophet Muhammad(S) was full of striving to gain the freedom to inform and convey the message of Islam. During his stay in Makkah he used non-violent methods and after the establishment of his government in Madinah, by the permission of Allah, he used armed struggle against his enemies whenever he found it inevitable.
11. FREEING PEOPLE FROM TYRANNY:
Allah admonishes Muslims in the Qur’an:
“And why should you not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? – Men, women, and children, whose cry is: ‘Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You, one who will protect; and raise for us from You, one who will help.’” (The Holy Quran, 4:75)
The mission of the Prophet Muhammad(S) was to free people from tyranny and exploitation by oppressive systems. Once free, inpiduals in the society were then free to chose Islam or not. Prophet Muhammad’s(S) successors continued in his footsteps and went to help oppressed people. For example, after the repeated call by the oppressed people of Spain to the Muslims for help, Spain was liberated by Muslim forces and the tyrant rulers removed. After the conquest of Syria and Iraq by the Muslims, the Christian population of Hims reportedly said to the Muslims:
“We like your rule and justice far better than the state of oppression and tyranny under which we have been living.”(7)
The defeated rulers of Syria were Roman Christians, and Iraq was ruled by Zoarastrian Persians.
WHAT SHOULD MUSLIMS DO WHEN THEY ARE VICTORIOUS?
Muslims should remove tyranny, treachery, bigotry, and ignorance and replace them with justice and equity. We should provide truthful knowledge and free people from the bondage of ‘associationism’ (Shirk, or multiple gods), prejudice, superstition and mythology. Muslims remove immorality, fear, crime, exploitation and replace them with pine morality, peace and education. The Qur’an declares:
“Lo! Allah commands you that you restore deposits to their owners, and if you judge between mankind that you judge justly. Lo! It is proper that Allah admonishes you. Lo! Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.” (The Holy Quran, 4:58)
“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah’s witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to Piety and fear Allah. And Allah is well acquainted with all that you do.” (The Holy Quran, 5:8)
“And of those whom We have created there is a nation who guides with the Truth and establishes justice with it.” (The Holy Quran, 7:181)
“Lo! Allah enjoins justice and kindness, and giving to kinsfolk, and forbids lewdness and abomination and wickedness. He exhorts you in order that you may take heed.” (The Holy Quran, 16:90)
“Those who, if We give them power in the land, establish prescribed prayers (salah) and pay the poor-due (zakah) and enjoin right conduct and forbid evil. And with Allah rests the end (and decision) of (all) affairs.” (The Holy Quran, 22:41)
DID ISLAM SPREAD BY FORCE, SWORDS OR GUNS?
The unequivocal and emphatic answer is No! The Qur’an declares:
“Let there be no compulsion (or coercion) in the religion (Islam). The right direction is distinctly clear from error.” (The Holy Quran, 2:256)
Here is a good study of the question of the spread of Islam by a Christian missionary, T. W. Arnold:
“…of any organized attempt to force the acceptance of Islam on the non-Muslim population, or of any systematic persecution intended to stamp out the Christian religion, we hear nothing. Had the caliphs chosen to adopt either course of action, they might have swept away Christianity as easily as Ferdinand and Isabella drove Islam out of Spain, or Louis XIV made Protestantism penal in France, or the Jews were kept out of England for 350 years. The Eastern Churches in Asia were entirely cut off from communion with the rest of Christiandom throughout which no one would have been found to lift a finger on their behalf, as heretical communions. So that the very survival of these Churches to the present day is a strong proof of the generally tolerant attitude of Mohammedan [sic] governments towards them”(8).
Islam does not teach, nor do Muslims desire, conversion of any people for fear, greed, marriage or any other form of coercion.
In conclusion, jihad in Islam is striving in the way of Allah by pen, tongue, hand, media and, if inevitable, with arms. However, jihad in Islam does not include striving for inpidual or national power, dominance, glory, wealth, prestige or pride.
- For the sake of simplicity and easy reading, masculine pronouns have been used throughout this brochure. No exclusion of females is intended. (back)
- Haykal, M. H., The Life of Muhammad, Tr. Ismail R. Faruqi, American Trust Publications, 1976, p. 132. (back)
- Haykal, pp. 216, 242, 299 and 414 for the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Al-Khandaq and Hunayn, respectively. (back)
- Haykal, p. 395 for the conquest of Makkah. (back)
- Haykal, pp. 245, 277, 311 and 326 for campaigns against the tribes of Banu Qaynuqa’, Banu Al-Nadir, Banu Qurayzah and Banu Lihyan, respectively. Also, see p. 283 for the Battle of Dhat Al-Riqa’. (back)
- Haykal, pp. 284, 327, 366, 387, 393, 443 and 515 for the Battles of Dawmat Al-Jandal, Banu Al-Mustaliq, Khayber, Mu’tah, Dhat Al-Salasil, Tabuk and the Campaign of Usama Ibn Zayd, respectively. (back)
- Hitti, Philip K., History of the Arabs, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1970, p. 153. (back)
- Arnold, Sir Thomas W., The Preaching of Islam, a History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith, Westminister A. Constable & Co., London, 1896, p. 80. (back)
(www.whyislam.org / 02.10.2011)
Egypt Mother of the Universe as it is called
Egypt the base of all culture, yes but what does this help, for what was the death of over 800 egyptian, if our Revolution is failing, and we will never forgive ourselfs later when it is lost, because the only thing we reach is to get off Mubarak, but was this our aim.
the problem is by the people of Egypt is that they lost the Unity, this one thing that was holding them together, this one thing what made egyptian strong.
in my opinion the biggest fault we can do is to trust the Military Council, better said we can not trust any person from the Mubarak Time, I know it is very hard as Mubarak has established his system very good as a cancer its every where.
There is only one Fact that if Egypt will stop now then the Revolution is lost,egypt has a lot of young great people who have their Believe and its good, but who thinks that the West USA&Co even the Military Council care about Human Rights or Justice then he is wrong. even in the USA is enough human rights violation that we can not imagine. even Germany is a police state.
So would you think if they dont care in their own countries they would care for rights and Justice in any Arab country?
Criminality has became in Egypt a normal situation, and so it is wanted because only in Chaos they can control us as they want.
If we will accept this that the whole imperialist world gets in any country then we have not lost only the Revolution but also our dignity, and then we will be their slaves and give them our resources.
One fault has been already done to accept the old constitution, this gave the military council and the mubarak system all possibilty to keep on palying with us.
my Appeal to all Egyptian please hold on together dont trust all and believe that the good dont come from the west. we have the proof now that in Germany they have implanted the hate against the Islam and the arab, even in the school books, the revolution still could succeed but only if we dont give up and fight against the evil
(Facebook / Raef El-Ghamri / 02.10.2011)
Democratically-elected Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh said on Sunday that resistance against the Israeli aggression is the key to achieving the rights of the Palestinian people.
Haniyeh went on to say that Palestinians cannot achieve their goals through negotiations with Israel, adding that the people of Palestine “have not given up hope.”
He described the Israeli occupation as a major threat to the peace and security of the region.
Haniyeh called for the unity of Palestinian factions against Israeli aggression and said Hamas is ready to make any concession to achieve reconciliation.
The senior Palestinian official was addressing the participants of the 5th Intifada Conference in Tehran through a video conference from the Gaza Strip.
Haniyeh also said, “We will do our best to free Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails.”
Referring to the 2006 war on the Gaza Strip, Haniyeh said that Israel “did not achieve its goals” in the 22-day war, adding that resistance can lead to the liberation of occupied al-Quds (Jerusalem).
Haniyeh made the remarks as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu claimed on Saturday that he would try to win recognition of his regime as a “Jewish state.”
More than 100 countries have so far officially recognized Palestine as a sovereign state based on the pre-1967 borders.
(occupiedpalestine.wordpress.com / 02.10.2011)
Syrische dissidenten hebben vandaag in Turkije formeel de oprichting van een nationale raad aangekondigd. De raad heeft als doel het regime van president Bashar Assad omver te werpen.
Vorige maand kondigde een groep Syrische oppositieactivisten de oprichting van een Syrische Nationale Raad al aan. Oppositieleider Burhan Ghalioun las zondag op een persconferentie in Istanbul de oprichtingsverklaring voor, die werd ondertekend door alle belangrijke figuren van de Syrische oppositie.
Ghalioun zei dat het doel van de raad is de oppositie te verenigen en het regime van Assad omver te werpen. Hij verwierp buitenlandse interventie in Syrië en riep de internationale gemeenschap op de legitimiteit van de groep te erkennen.
(www.parool.nl / 02.10.2011)
De regering van Israël is vandaag akkoord gegaan met de oproep van het kwartet om opnieuw over vrede met de Palestijnen te gaan onderhandelen. Dat liet het bureau van premier Benjamin Netanyahu weten.
Het kwartet (Verenigde Staten, Rusland, Europese Unie en Verenigde Naties) stelde ruim een week geleden voor dat Israël en de Palestijnen binnen vier weken bijeen zouden komen om een agenda voor vredesbesprekingen op te stellen. Dat gebeurde, nadat de Palestijnse president Mahmoud Abbas bij de VN het verzoek voor een volwaardig lidmaatschap had ingediend.
Het kwartet wil dat de twee partijen binnen 3 maanden met alomvattende voorstellen voor de veiligheid en elkaars grondgebied komen. Binnen een half jaar zou belangrijke vooruitgang moeten zijn geboekt.
Soortgelijke voorstellen werden in het verleden al vele keren gedaan. Ze eindigden steeds weer zonder tastbare resultaten.
(www.parool.nl / 02.10.2011)
CAIRO, October 2, 2011 (WAFA) – The Egyptian government Sunday affirmed its support of the Palestinian position that rejects resuming negotiations with Israel in light of the continuation of settlement construction, said Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr.
The statement came during a meeting at the ministry’s headquarters in Cairo, of a delegation comprising PLO Executive Committee
Member, Saeb Erekat, the Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations, Riyad Mansour, and Palestinian ambassador to Cairo, Barakat Al-Farra.
The meeting discussed the Palestinian bid to the United Nations to seek full membership and recognition of a Palestinian state.